General Information - About Bucharest

Bucharest is Romania's capital and at the same time, the most inhabited city, industrial and commercial center of the country. Its population of 1,944,367 inhabitants (estimated at 1 January 2009) makes Bucharest to be the sixth town of the European Union by population number.

Bucharest is located in the southeastern Romania, between Ploiesti at North and Giurgiu at South. The city is located on Vlasiei Plain, which is part of the Romanian Plain, and is situated on the banks of the Dambovita River which is flowing into the Arges, a tributary of the Danube.

The first mention of the town appears in 1459 in an act of Vlad Tepes. Since then suffers constant change, being center of stage art, culture and media. Between the two World Wars, Bucharest's elegant architecture and elite earned him the nickname 'Little Paris'. Today the capital has a special status in the country, the only city that does not belongs to any county and is divided into 6 sectors.

The climate in capital is specific for Romania, respectively continental temperate . There are four specific seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter. Bucharest’s winters are pretty mild, with little snow and relatively high temperatures, while in recent years, summers are very hot, even extremely hot (high temperature up to 400C in the shade) and with little precipitation. This makes temperature differences winter - summer will be up to 600C.

Public transport.

The extensive system of public transport in Bucharest is the largest in Romania. It consists of a 71 km subway system, operated by Metrorex, and surface transport network: buses (78 lines), and trolleybuses (19 lines), trams (26 lines) and a light rail line, operated by RATB. There are also taxi companies (10,000 licensed taxis).

Air transport.

In Bucharest there are currently two operational airports: Henri Coanda International Airport (formerly "Otopeni") and Aurel Vlaicu International Airport (formerly "Baneasa"). Henri Coanda Airport is the largest airport in Romania serving millions of passengers and the main center for the national operator TAROM. Depart and arrive there daily flights to other cities in Romania as well as many other airports in Europe, North America, Asia and Africa. Aurel Vlaicu airport is used by low cost airlines and in order to serve charter planes.

Road transport

The core of the urban streets network of Bucharest are high traffic avenues, leaving from city center to suburbs. Main axis (north-south, east-west, northwest-southeast) and two rings (inside and outside) help reduce traffic congestion. Bucharest is the main Romanian national road network node, is the starting point for two motorways and nine national roads.

Tourism and cultural Bucharest

In Bucharest are established many cultural institutions such as the Romanian Academy (founded in 1866), over 60 research institutes, University, Polytechnic Institute, Institute of Medicine, numerous other institutes of higher education, Academy Library (founded in 1867), National Library (founded in 1855), the Central University Library (founded in 1896), the Romanian Athenaeum.
The most important places and tourist attractions are: the Parliament Palace, the Village Museum, the Romanian Peasant Museum, the Cotroceni Palace (Romanian Presidency), National Art Museum, National History Museum, National Museum of Natural History Grigore Antipa, Arch of Triumph, Bucharest University, Patriarchal Cathedral, the Botanical Garden, Romanian Opera, Bucharest’s old center.
Among the major Bucharest's parks we include: Herastrau Bucharest (187 ha), Cismigiu Park (13 ha), Youth Park (200ha) and Carol Park (36 ha) opened in 1906.